This will always be the biggest problem in the sport world. In a sport that is competitive, doping is described as the use of banned substances that allow the athlete to have an unfair advantage over everyone else in the competition by enhancing the performance of that Athlete. Any drug use that enhances the performance of any athlete is unethical by most of the international sports organizations.
History of Doping
Historically speaking, doping was not allow in any sport, from the ancient time where the usage of substances in the racing of chariots to more recent issues in sport today. To improve on the physique of the fittest chosen in a nation they were fed diets and given treatments which were considered beneficial. An athlete could be given something to drink as per Scandinavian mythology which increased their power but that could affect their insanity. The Olympics which took place in Greece have been suspected to have been tainted with forms of doping. In Rome the chariot races became a part of the culture and to help the athletes they drank herbal drinks to try and strengthen them before the chariot races.
The creator of anabolic steroids, John Ziegler, who was also a physician for the United States weightlifting team learned that the Soviet weightlifting team owed their success to performance enhancing drugs. He then through that the United states team also needed the same advantage so he collaborated with the CIBA Pharmaceutical Company to create an anabolic steroid that was oral. Methandrostenolone was the result and made its way in the market in 1960. However when someone died as a result of the drug use, it become a concern and therefore all substances were banned.
It is practiced that the authorities and the sporting organizations have been strictly regulating the use of drugs in sport. One of the biggest concerns are the health risks when using these performance-enhancing drugs. The belief that the use of drugs in sports goes against the spirit of the game means that there will not be equality of opportunity for athletes. The idea behind this is that a person who uses these drugs or substances in a competition is winning not bases on their natural talent and rather on the bases of the performance of the drug.
A drug is a stimulant that acts on the central nervous system. This can control mental function and behaviour which then increases the individual’s sense of excitement and decreases the feeling of fatigue. The World Anti-Doping Agency has a list of prohibited substances which are stimulants. Examples of these kind of stimulants are cocaine, caffeine, amphetamine, ephedrine and modafinil.
The World Anti-Doping Agency
The international Olympic committee assisted with the creation and foundation of the World Anti-Doping Agency. This agency was started in November 1999 in Switzerland and its purpose is to coordinate, monitor and promote the fight against drugs in sports. Thereafter they have created offices for this agency all over the world. The agency has created the World Anti-Doping Code which is used by over 600 sports organizations. The agency’s activities are to do research, educate and develop the anti-doping capacities and observing of the World Anti-Doping Code.